The USA played a very smart move during the cold war, having a very comfortable situation. Cold war, was a war in which the USA and the soviet union played many proxy or indirect war. Some of the major wars were Korean war, Vietnam war, and Berlin crises.
During the cold war, German was divided into two states. west Germany was under control of America whereas East Germany was under control of communist Germany. USA and USSR were both very powerful nations at that time, having nuclear bombs and good militia. USSR was eager to capture the whole Germany and convert it into a communist state. Where on the other hand, USA can’t even think of losing Germany because it was the only stronghold for Americans for future warfare in future.
Conditions at that time were pretty simple for the USA. The vision of USA was- if USSR attacked Germany, they will attack Soviets with an atomic bomb. This will be very defensive for the USA. There will be no blame on USA and USA will be declared hero of war because they can easily claim that USSR attacked Germany, that’s why, to defend the world, they took a harsh step to destroy the Soviet Union with a nuke.
Soviets knew this situation and wanted to do something to convert this situation on their side and they did.
A very important thing to consider is that a nuclear rocket can reach USSR if launched from Germany but a nuclear weapon launched from Germany can’t reach the USA, not from USSR also. This was a very favorable condition for the USA. If USSR wanted to launch a nuclear attack, they first they should have a favorable range place, from where they can launch their rocket which will hit the USA, which they found in Cuba.
Cuba was a country under the rulership of Batista, soon a coup headed by Fidel Castro overthrew Batista. Then long story short- communism came to Cuba. Cuba was now under communist rule, which means under the control of USSR. USSR was giving supplies to Cuba in huge number. Fiedel Castro was having a very strong bond with USSR. Then a day, USSR asked Castro to let their nuclear project to come over there land. Castro had to say yes. This project was very significant for USSR as it will be a very favorable range for USSR to have a nuclear attack over the USA, they finally got their range. Ships after ships sailing from Russia to Cuba, for this project. USA spotted that USSR was doing this. This was a check-mate played by USSR, very finely.
Simulation now- if USSR attacked Germany, and USA will attack USSR with a nuke, Russia will be ready with its nuke in Cuba. And USA was very doubtful that whenever USSR wanted, they can attack the USA. And if the USA will attack at Cuba, this will blame them that they started the nuclear war, they will be no more a hero. This was a very fine trick played by USSR, a complete backfire for strategy by the USA.
John F Kennedy ordered a meeting with 5 military generals in White House in which he tried to express his viewpoint-
Firstly, I think we ought to think of why the Russians did this. Well, actually, it was a rather dangerous but rather useful play of theirs.If we do nothing, they have a missile base there with all the pressure that brings to bear on the United States and damage to our prestige.If we attack, Cuba, the missiles, or Cuba, in any way, then it gives them a clear, line to take Berlin, as they were able to do in Hungary under the Anglo war in Egypt. We will have been regarded as–they think we’ve got this fixation about Cuba anyway–we would be regarded as the trigger-happy Americans who lost Berlin. We would have no support among our allies. We would affect the West Germansï¿½ attitude towards us. And that we let Berlin go because we didn’t have the guts to endure a situation in Cuba. After all, Cuba is 5, 6,000 miles from them. They don’t give a damn about Cuba. And they do care about Berlin and about their own security. So they would say that we endangered their interests and security and reunification and all the rest, because of the preemptive action that we took in Cuba. So I think they’ve got…I must say I think it’s a very satisfactory position from their point of view. If you take the view that what really. And thirdly, If we do nothing then they’ll they’ll have these missiles and they’ll be able to say that any time we ever try to do anything about Cuba, that they’ll fire these missiles.So that I think it’s dangerous, but rather satisfactory, from their point of view.